Here is a list of some of the most prominent characteristic features of Operating Systems −
Memory Management − Keeps track of the primary memory, i.e. what part of it is in use by whom, what part is not in use, etc. and allocates the memory when a process or program requests it.
Processor Management − Allocates the processor (CPU) to a process and deallocates the processor when it is no longer required.
Device Management − Keeps track of all the devices. This is also called I/O controller that decides which process gets the device, when, and for how much time.
File Management − Allocates and de-allocates the resources and decides who gets the resources.
Security − Prevents unauthorized access to programs and data by means of passwords and other similar techniques.
Job Accounting − Keeps track of time and resources used by various jobs and/or users.
Control Over System Performance − Records delays between the request for a service and from the system.
Interaction with the Operators − Interaction may take place via the console of the computer in the form of instructions. The Operating System acknowledges the same, does the corresponding action, and informs the operation by a display screen.
Error-detecting Aids − Production of dumps, traces, error messages, and other debugging and error-detecting methods.
Coordination Between Other Software and Users − Coordination and assignment of compilers, interpreters, assemblers, and other software to the various users of the computer systems.